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Mexico's road quality ranks among the three best in Latin America, but it ranks among the region's ranks among the laggards when it comes to costs to export and import containers through ports. (Photo: Cofemer)
Brazil has Latin America's 9th-best rail quality, but ranks among the worst in air transport, ports and roads. (Photo: Brazil's Transport Ministry)
Wednesday, November 06, 2013
Special Reports

Latin America Infrastructure: Best & Worst

 

Latin America’s best and worst countries in transport infrastructure.

BY JOACHIM BAMRUD

Latin American countries have the potential to significantly boost exports if they reduce transportation costs by expanding paved roads and promoting the use of lower-cost railways and waterways, according to a new report from the Inter-American Development Bank.

If transport costs were reduced by as little as 1 percent,  Mexico’s exports alone could grow by 4 percent and in Colombia by as much as 7.9 percent, according to the report Too Far to Export, which was released last week.

Colombia already benefits from having Latin America’s highest ratio of paved roads, but its overall transport infrastructure ranks 9th in the region, according to the latest Latin America Transport Infrastructure Ranking from Latinvex. One factor that pulls it down is the poor quality of key roads as well as railways.

The ranking is the most extensive of its kind and looks at 17 key factors that measure a country’s transport infrastructure quality: Quality of ports, air transport, railway and roads; cost, time and documents required to export and import containers; efficiency of customs and border management clearance, ease of arranging competitively priced shipments, competence and quality of logistics services, ability to track and trace consignments, frequency with which shipments reach consignees within scheduled or expected delivery times and percent of paved roads and airport runways.

The ranking of 19 countries uses data from various Latin American governments, The World Bank, the World Economic Forum and the Central Intelligence Agency.

Full story

Keywords: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Central America, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, Venezuela:

THE DATA 

Latin America Transport Infrastructure Ranking


Latin America Port Quality: Best & Worst

Latin America Air Transport Infrastructure Quality: Best & Worst

Latin America Railway Infrastructure Quality: Best & Worst

Latin America Road Quality: Best & Worst

Latin America Export Cost: Best & Worst

Latin America Import Cost: Best & Worst

Latin America Export Time: Best & Worst

Latin America Import Time: Best & Worst

Latin America Export Documents: Best & Worst

Latin America Import Documents: Best & Worst

Latin America Customs: Best & Worst

Latin America Logistics Competence: Best & Worst

Latin America Tracking: Best & Worst

Latin America Timeliness: Best & Worst

Latin America Shipment Ease: Best & Worst

Latin America Percent Paved Roads: Best & Worst

Latin America Percent Paved Airport Runways: Best & Worst

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